Fertilize tomatoes – tips and natural home remedies for plants in various stages of growth
If you’re wondering how to naturally fertilize your tomatoes, there are several options. These are usually robust plants that are easy to grow. However, they require the right sediment and the right amount of water. You can also make the right kind of fertilizer for tomatoes yourself. To do this, you not only need to know the need for sediment, water supply and fertilizer for tomato plants, you also need to know when tomatoes need fertilization. So you can notice the difference between healthy growth with abundant fruit production and poor harvest. To help you with this, we have put together some useful information and tips in this article.
With what and how often fertilize tomatoes?
The best fertilizer for tomato plants contains macronutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium as well as essential micronutrients like magnesium, calcium, boron and zinc. However, tomatoes need different proportions of these nutrients during each growth cycle. Regardless of whether the plants grow from seeds or from seedlings, soil nutrition is an issue that many gardeners have to deal with. But if you’re new to gardening, proper tomato fertilization can be a challenging task. However, you cannot liquidly use a single tomato fertilizer that is best suited for all gardens in every season. If it were, gardening would be child’s play. However, let’s first look at some facts and options for fertilizers. We can help you choose the right one based on the growth stage of the plant.
Basics of fertilizing tomato plants
The need for fertilizers for such crops depends on the growth stage. It is therefore important to ensure that every nutrient is available at all times. However, the suggested nutrient ratio changes with each stage of growth. In general, the roots of a tomato plant are no deeper than 15 to 18 centimeters. Remember this when you mix fertilizer into the soil. Commercial fertilizers have a number of numbers such as 10-8-10, which essentially represent nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium. This means that the fertilizer contains 10% nitrogen, 8% phosphorus, 10% potassium, the rest is filler material.
Phosphorus is important for the growth of the roots, potassium helps fertilize tomatoes during flowering and general growth. Nitrogen supports the growth of leaves. The element of phosphorus is therefore crucial for the growth and development of roots and fruits. It is therefore an important nutrient in the initial stage and then again in the final stage. Nitrogen takes care of the foliage, but too much nitrogen leads to bushy plants with little or no fruit. Potassium helps the plant to grow quickly and produce flowers and fruits. This is also very important when it comes to photosynthesis and tolerance to some diseases.
Tomato seeds do not need additional nutrients to germinate, as the seeds contain enough quantities to form the first real leaves. If you plan to plant from seeds, this guide to planting tomato seeds may also interest you so that you can get the first step right. Once the tomato seedlings have sprouted, they will grow very quickly, with an initial spurt of growth just before flowering. As a rule of thumb, they usually bear fruit within four months of planting. So, if you are at the stage when your seedlings are ready to transplant, or if you have purchased plants, this information could be useful.
Use tomato fertilizer coffee grounds
Coffee grounds used contain about 2% nitrogen, about a third percent phosphoric acid and different amounts of potash (generally less than 1%). For this reason, coffee grounds are particularly useful as a natural fertilizer for plants that like a little acidity, such as blueberries, evergreen plants, azaleas, roses, camellias, avocados and many fruit trees, including tomatoes. We recommend that you let the coffee grounds dry first and then lightly as a mulch around your plants. However, avoid scattering the coffee too thickly when the floor is wet, as clumps of coffee grounds tend to become moldy.
During this period, you should carefully monitor the plant for evidence of what fertilizer it needs. Of course, the requirements depend on many factors, such as the type of tomato, the soil and the environmental conditions. If you follow these steps correctly, you can do tomato fertilization with simple home remedies. Remember that plants are very hardy. You don’t have to be a professional to get through this phase. But knowing exactly what needs to be done can help you.
Tea as a fertilizer for tomatoes with a recipe
You can also use a weak solution of green tea to water plants every 4 weeks. Use 1 tea bag with 5 liters of water. This simple recipe has been used for thousands of years. Try it out in your garden to get a quick and inexpensive dose of nutrients for your plants.
- Mix 1/4 cup of epsom salt and 2 cups of wood ash in a bucket.
- Fill about half of the rest of the bucket with grass clippings, pruned green leaves, or even green weeds that you pulled straight out of the ground.
- Fill the bucket to the brim with water and let the mixture steep for three days.
- After soaking, strain the tea or decant into empty milk jugs or old 2 liter bottles.
- Dilute 50% before use by mixing half water and half tea in a watering can.
- Apply this wonderful mixture by pouring everything directly onto the floor around your tomatoes.
- If your results are satisfactory, you will notice a noticeable difference in just a few days.
Fertilize tomatoes with yeast and sugar
Typically, spring is the ideal time to use such a fertilizer. This growth stimulator is an excellent assistant for seedlings, not only during harvesting but also when transplanting to a permanent place. However, it should be noted that yeast is characterized by the absorption of an adequate amount of potassium from the soil due to the work. In order not to completely empty the soil on the beds, it is therefore recommended to mix tomatoes with ashes and yeast. The traditional recipe for the fertilizer is made as follows:
- Dilute one kilogram of yeast with five liters of water, after which you dilute the solution with water in a ratio of 1:10 before use.
- If you use dry yeast instead of the usual, you can make a fertilizer based on 10 g per 10 l of warm water with the addition of two tablespoons of sugar.
- Let the mixture rest for a few hours and then also dilute it with water in a ratio of 1: 5.
- Typically this solution is used for watering flower beds, vegetables, fruit trees and berry bushes.
- In addition, you can make a porridge based on yeast, which can improve the growth and development of potatoes and tomatoes.
- To do this, dissolve 100 g of yeast and half a cup of granulated sugar in a container with three liters of water.
- Then cover with gauze and let the mixture soak for a week.
Use egg shells and fertilize tomatoes
Eggshells contain about 1% nitrogen, about half a percent phosphoric acid and other trace elements that make them a practical fertilizer for tomato home remedies. Calcium is also an essential plant nutrient that plays a fundamental role in the production and growth of cells. Most roots need some calcium at the top of their growth to grow effectively. Plant growth removes large amounts of calcium from the soil and calcium needs to be replenished. This is an ideal way to recycle your eggshells. Simply crush them and use a coffee grinder to grind the bowls. Then sprinkle them over your garden floor.
Tomato fertilizer from nettle
Stinging nettle is considered a mild crop protection and biological fertilizer in an ecologically managed hobby garden. Prepared as a quick-acting brew, it fights common parasites in the garden like aphids that attack valuable plants like tomatoes. In order for the flexible natural remedy to be fully effective, it is important to use it properly. In order to solve a problem such as aphid infestation in the short term, nettle soy appears to be an effective substitute in the event that no fermented fertilizer is available for use. If you follow this instruction, use can begin within a day.
Required materials and ingredients
- 500 g fresh nettle leaves
- 5 l water (ideally filtered rain water)
- fireproof container (no metal)
- Pressure cooker or kettle
- Kitchen strainer
- Kitchen spoons
Instead of herbs, you can use 75 to 100 grams of dried nettle leaves without reducing their effectiveness. As soon as the materials and nettles are ready, the actual production takes place within a few minutes.
How to do it
- Fill the fireproof, non-metallic container with fresh or dried herbs
- Let the water boil in the pressure cooker or kettle
- Stir for a while with the wooden spoon
- Let the brew stand with the lid on for 24 hours.
- Then let the mixture of water herbs run through the colander.
- Filled in a hand sprayer or a watering can, the nettle concoction can be used undiluted.
- Imaginative hobby gardeners let leftover leaves dry to distribute as mulch in ornamental or vegetable gardens.
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